A dynamic solids inventory model for activated sludge systems

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Clarifier hydrodynamics plays an important role in the activated sludge process. Attention has long been focused on the biological behavior of the aeration basin in the secondary treatment system. One-dimensional settler models or empirical relationships have typically been coupled in wastewater treatment plant simulation systems to represent the clarifier. The research on the hydrodynamic aspects of the process are currently restricted to a clarifier uncoupled from the aeration basin. In this paper, a dynamic model of the activated sludge process is presented in which balanced emphasis is put on the hydrodynamic aspect of the system. The model integrates a biological reaction submodel for an aeration basin with a two-dimensional hydrodynamic solids transport submodel for the secondary clarifier. A verification of the model is carried out against a set of field data and shows good agreement. The model has been used to investigate the response and the interdependency of the aerator and clarifier in the activated sludge system.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143096X127776

Publication date: May 1, 1996

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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