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Adsorption of fluoride, phosphate, and arsenate ions on lanthanum-impregnated silica gel

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A lanthanum-impregnated silica gel has been developed for the removal of fluoride, phosphate, and arsenate ions by adsorption. The interaction between silica gel and lanthanum ion was maximum at a final pH of 6. The removal of fluoride and arsenate ions by adsorption on the lanthanum-impregnated silica gel was more than 99.9% at neutral pH from initial concentration of 0.55 and 0.2 mmol/L, respectively. The removal of phosphate ion was 95% at an initial concentration of 0.5 mmol/L at neutral pH. Arsenite ion was not adsorbed on the material. The rate of adsorption of the anions followed the first-order reaction and fit in the Lagergren equation. The adsorption of each anion followed the Langmuir isotherm. Other anions such as Cl Br, I, NO3 , and SO4 2− did not interfere with the adsorption. A column study was conducted for the removal of these anions at a fixed flow rate of 0.5 mL/min at pH approximately 7. These anions were removed by more than 99.9% at initial first or second fraction, and the column was regenerated at pH 8.5. The method was applied for the removal of these anions from synthetic and high-tech industrial wastewaters.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1996-05-01

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  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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