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Nocardia control in activated sludge by classifying selectors

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Laboratory- and full-scale experiments investigated the use of a classifying selector for Nocardia control in activated sludge. A classifying selector is a device that produces surface foam from the bulk mixed liquor and then removes it. The laboratory-scale classifying selector activated sludge system operating at a 10-day mean cell residence time (MCRT), pH = 6.6, dissolved oxygen (DO) = 8.0 mg/L, and temperature = 24°C produced mixed liquor Nocardia levels lower than an unfoamed control activated sludge plant. Addition of low doses (0.5 mg/L) of a readily biodegradable nonionic surfactant (NEODOL 25–7) to the classifying selector system just before foaming reduced the mixed liquor Nocardia levels to below those achieved in a classifying selector system without surfactant addition. A classifying selector installed in the RAS channel combined with selective foam wasting from the mixed liquor channels and secondary clarifiers in a full-scale activated sludge plant reduced Nocardia levels below those achieved during operation without a classifying selector.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1996-03-01

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    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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