Alternating aerobic-anoxic process for nitrogen removal: Dynamic modeling

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A dynamic mathematical model was developed for the alternating aerobic-anoxic (AAA) completely mixed activated sludge process for the removal of carbonaceous substrate, nitrification, and denitrification. The model is constructed on the Activated Sludge Model No. 1 (ASM 1) of the International Association on Water Pollution Research Control with some revisions including pH and alkalinity. Experimental data obtained from a bench-scale AAA reactor under different operational conditions were used for parameter estimation and model validation. Model parameters were found to agree well with those used by the ASM 1. Process performance at steady-state and dynamic conditions can be well predicted by the AAA model. Because nitrite is not treated as a state variable in the ASM 1, a modified model incorporating nitrite as a state variable has been developed to account for nitrite accumulation.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 1996

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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