Skip to main content

An empirical study of nitrogen dynamics in lakes

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The parameters determining the annual balances of nitrogen (N) and the concentrations of total N in lakes were analyzed. This was carried out by the use of multiple regression analyses on data from a number of northern temperate lakes with a hydraulic detention time of 0.25 yr or more. The result indicated that the removal of N in a lake, which in most cases is dominated by denitrification, seems to be controlled by organic matter. If no major N fixation is taking place, the concentration of total N in the epilimnion during summer is proportional to the load of N and inversely proportional to the concentration of total P or chlorophyll a. For some lakes N fixation is taking place. The increase in total N due to N fixation was found to be proportional to the concentration of total P reduced by a fraction of the estimated N concentration without any fixation. For most lakes, the effect of N fixation is to balance the N content with the P content, which means that the algal biomass is limited by the P content. A ratio of the total concentrations N/P less than approximately 10 indicates a rate of denitrification exceeding the capacity of N fixation. N is not balanced with P, and the algae is controlled by N.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 1996

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more