Skip to main content

Empirical modeling of air-to-water oxygen transfer in gravity sewers

Buy Article:

$22.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

To evaluate existing empirical models that have been used for prediction of air-to-water oxygen transfer in gravity sewers, field and laboratory investigations were conducted. A series of 16 oxygen-transfer coefficients were obtained in noncleaned operating sewers using a gaseous tracer method. In addition, experiments on the effect of contaminants on air-to-water gas transfer, expressed through the alpha factor, were conducted in a laboratory vessel. Based on the obtained oxygen-transfer coefficients, five empirical models, all previously used within the sphere of sewer problems, were evaluated. Furthermore, previously reported transfer coefficients for gravity pipes were included in the evaluation. The model of Parkhurst and Pomeroy was found to be the best for simulation of oxygen transfer. Estimates from the worst alternative tend to overestimate the oxygen-transfer coefficient by approximately a factor of 25 on the average. Except for the case when foam was present, the investigations on the alpha factor showed no significant deviation from unity. Finally, the coefficients in the equation of Parkhurst and Pomeroy were evaluated by a nonlinear regression on the available observations from operating sewers. A new set of coefficients based on a statistical evaluation were obtained.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1995-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more