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Equilibrium adsorption of chlorophenols on granular activated carbon

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The adsorption of chlorinated phenols from aqueous solution on granular activated carbon was studied in batch reactors. Single-component equilibrium adsorption data for the eight compounds in two concentration ranges at pH 7.0 and 30°C were fit well by both the Langmuir and the Freundlich equations. The adsorptive capacities at pH 7.0 increase from pentachlorophenol to trichlorophenols and are fairly constant from trichlorophenols to monochlorophenols. Equilibrium measurements were also conducted for 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, and 4-chlorophenol over a wide pH range. A surface complexation model has been proposed to describe the effect of pH on adsorption equilibria of chlorophenols on activated carbon. Activated carbon surface functional sites are divided into acidic and basic groups with which molecular and ionized forms of chlorophenols interact, respectively, and form two neutral complexes. The simulations of the model are in excellent agreement with the experimental data.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 1995

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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