Short-term toxicity assay based on daphnid feeding behavior
Abstract:A rapid acute toxicity assay based on feeding behavior of Ceriodaphina dubia was developed and evaluated. Feeding behavior was observed by staining yeast cells with a nontoxic stain (DTAF), which fluoresces under epifluorescent illumination, feeding the stained yeast to daphnids after they were exposed to toxicants for 6 hours, and observing the uptake of yeast by the daphnids. The endpoint of the test is the presence or absence of fluorescence in the daphnid gut. An exposure time of 6 hours was utilized so that the test could be completed in one working day. The 6-hour feeding activity suppression assay was compared with the standard 48-hour acute bioassay for determining the toxicity of selected heavy metals, organic compounds, and industrial effluent samples. The EC50s pure compounds obtained via the 6-hour and 48-hour tests were well correlated (P < 0.05). EC50s of industrial wastewaters obtained via the two tests were also correlated at the same level of significance. The 6-hour feeding activity suppression assay was generally more sensitive than the 48-hour acute bioassay.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 1995
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