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Short-term toxicity assay based on daphnid feeding behavior

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Abstract:

A rapid acute toxicity assay based on feeding behavior of Ceriodaphina dubia was developed and evaluated. Feeding behavior was observed by staining yeast cells with a nontoxic stain (DTAF), which fluoresces under epifluorescent illumination, feeding the stained yeast to daphnids after they were exposed to toxicants for 6 hours, and observing the uptake of yeast by the daphnids. The endpoint of the test is the presence or absence of fluorescence in the daphnid gut. An exposure time of 6 hours was utilized so that the test could be completed in one working day. The 6-hour feeding activity suppression assay was compared with the standard 48-hour acute bioassay for determining the toxicity of selected heavy metals, organic compounds, and industrial effluent samples. The EC50s pure compounds obtained via the 6-hour and 48-hour tests were well correlated (P < 0.05). EC50s of industrial wastewaters obtained via the two tests were also correlated at the same level of significance. The 6-hour feeding activity suppression assay was generally more sensitive than the 48-hour acute bioassay.

Keywords: CERIODAPHNIA; DAPHNIA; FEEDING; METALS; TOXICITY; YEAST

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143095X131493

Publication date: May 1, 1995

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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