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Pilot- and full-scale two-phase anaerobic digestion of municipal sludge

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Abstract:

Two-phase anaerobic digestion tests were conducted at DuPage County, III., to ascertain if this process configuration would alleviate severe foaming and overloading conditions experienced by the existing high-rate digestion system. Pilot-scale two-phase digestion of activated sludge exhibited aggregated carbohydrate-protein-lipid and volatile solids (VS) reductions of more than 70%, and gas yield and gas production rate of 0.29 m3/kg VS·d and 2.2 volume per culture volume per day, respectively, at an hydraulic retention time 12 days and a loading rate of 4.7 kg VS/m3·d without any evidence of digester foaming; this performance was considerably better than that of high-rate digestion. Acid- and methane-phase digester culture development was completed in approximately a month. The acid-digester gases contained 67% CO2, 30% CH4, 2% nitrogen, 1% H2S compared with 30% CO2, 69% CH4, 0% N2, and 0.1% H2S in the methane-digester gases. The methane digester generated 90 volume percent to 95 volume percent of the system methane production. An enrichment culture of fermentative acidogens was established in the acid-phase digester, whereas the methane digester harbored a dominant population of methanogenic organisms. The existing high-rate digestion system was converted to a two-phase digestion process.

Keywords: ACTIVATED SLUDGE; ANAEROBIC; DIGESTION; FERMENTATION; FOAM; SLUDGE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143095X131367

Publication date: March 1, 1995

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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