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Determination of biodegradation kinetics of volatile organic compounds through the use of respirometry

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Abstract:

Electrolytic respirometry was used to determine the biodegradation kinetic parameters of five volatile aromatic organic compounds: benzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, and 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. A protocol developed earlier was modified to accommodate the volatile characteristic of the test compounds. Specifically, the model used in data analysis was modified using Henry's law constant to incorporate the effect of partitioning of a volatile substrate between the gas and liquid phases in a batch reactor. Similar kinetic parameters were obtained for benzene and its four chlorinated analogs. Substrate inhibition was observed in the case of 1,3- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene, and intermediate product inhibition was observed in the case of 1,2-dichlorobenzene. In addition, all chlorinated benzenes exhibited complete inhibition above certain threshold concentrations.

Keywords: BIODEGRADATION; CHLOROBENZENES; KINETICS; OXYGEN UPTAKE; RESPIROMETRY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/106143095X131295

Publication date: March 1, 1995

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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