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Criteria for nitrification and denitrification of high-strength wastes in two upflow submerged filters

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Design criteria for nitrification and denitrification of high-strength wastewaters are presented in two upflow submerged filters in series. Oxygen was a very important parameter effecting the ammonia removal rate in nitrification. The half-order and zero-order rate constants for nitrification were determined for the dissolved oxygen ranges of 2 to 3 mg/L and 4 to 5 mg/L, respectively. The transition from ammonia to oxygen rate limitation occurred at a bulk oxygen:bulk ammonia ratio of approximately 2.5 to 4, showing that nitrification was oxygen limited for practical purposes. In nitrification nitrite accumulation reached a considerable degree at bulk oxygen:bulk ammonia ratios lower than 5. Also, in denitrification the half- and zero-order rate constants were determined. The nitrite produced in the nitrification stage could be successfully reduced in denitrification without causing any inhibitory effect.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: March 1, 1995

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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