Skip to main content

Fate of semivolatile organic compounds during heat drying of mixed primary and waste-activated sludge

Buy Article:

$22.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

The fate of semivolatile organic compounds was studied during heat drying of mixed primary and waste-activated sludge. Selected organic compounds were spiked in the sludge collected from a wastewater treatment plant. The thickened sludge samples were heat dried in a tube furnace at different temperatures with a constant airflow rate. The exhaust air from the furnace was condensed in a glass condenser. Methanol was used as the solvent for extraction of compounds from both the dried sludge and the condensate. The concentrations of the organics were determined from high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The selected semivolatile organic compounds showed a high affinity to remain adsorbed in the thickened sludge. Drying sludge to more than 90% solids content caused complete removal of all of the organic compounds. The removal of organics took place in three distinct phases: a high removal in the initial phase, a sudden drop in the intermediate phase, and an increase in the final phase. Removal of phenol was approximately proportional to moisture removal from the sludge. For 4-nitrophenol and nitrobenzene, the removal rate decreased as the amount remaining in sludge diminished. The removal pattern of the individual organics correlated with their respective Henry's law coefficients. At higher temperatures, a faster removal rate was observed for all the compounds.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 1995

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more