Skip to main content

Assessment of in situ solvent extraction for remediation of coal tar sites: Process modeling

Buy Article:

$22.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Subsurface contamination at many former manufactured gas plants (MGP) resulted from on-site disposal in wells, pits, and lagoons of coal tar, a by product of the gasification process. Coal tar is difficult to pump from the ground because of its density and viscosity. A technique employed with success in enhanced oil recovery, in situ solvent extraction, may be useful for remediation of coal tar-contaminated sites. A water-miscible, biodegradable solvent would be injected into the subsurface to promote dissolution of coal tar for subsequent removal via recovery wells. This paper presents the results of process modeling done in conjunction with a project to assess in a preliminary way the feasibility of in situ solvent extraction for remediation of coal tar sites. After evaluation of MGP site characteristics, possible injection-recovery well schemes for the proposed process were developed. These comprised center injection and perimeter recovery patterns and patterns in which injection and recovery wells are placed on opposite sides of a contaminated area. A two-dimensional model was then developed for simulating the proposed in situ solvent extraction process under simplified site conditions and applied to evaluate the performance of the various injection-recovery schemes at a hypothetical MGP site. From model results it appears that an in situ solvent extraction process may be able to recover a significant mass of coal tar (more than 80%) from the subsurface within a time frame of 1 year or so, provided that site hydrogeologic conditions are conducive to process application. Pilot testing in the field is necessary to test the results of this preliminary assessment. There are also important implementation issues and some are discussed.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 1995

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research (WER) is published monthly, including an annual Literature Review. A subscription to WER includes access to the latest content back to 1992, as well as access to fast track articles. An individual subscription is valid for 12 months from month of purchase.

    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more