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Heavy metals contribution of household washing products to municipal wastewater

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The contribution of heavy metals from sources including household washing products, other residential sources, water supply and permitted industry to influent wastewater and treated effluent was determined for the wastewater treatment plants of the cities of San Jose/Santa Clara, Palo Alto and Sunnyvale, which are located in the Southern San Francisco Bay Area of Calif.

The heavy metals studied were arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel, silver, and zinc. In no case were household washing products the major heavy metal contributor to influent wastewater or wastewater effluents. The highest heavy metal contribution from household washing products was from arsenic. It accounted for 13% of the influent and effluent wastewater arsenic content. All other household washing product heavy metals contributions to influent and effluent wastewater were below 0.5% of the total metal present.
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Keywords: effluent; household washing products; industrial; infiltration/inflow; metals; residential; survey; wastewater; water supply

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1994-09-01

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    Water Environment Research (WER) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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