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Measurement of chemical sludge floc density and implications related to sludge dewatering

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An isopyenic centrifugation procedure was developed for estimating the characteristic floc density present in several chemical sludges. Issues addressed included selection of a low osmotic pressure gradient medium; selection of appropriate centrifugal acceleration and time values for testing; viscosity effects; and need for temperature control. Increases in sludge floc density were predictive of an increase in cake solids concentration following mechanical dewatering. Most sludge water removal during dewatering was hypothesized to be external to the floc structure.

Keywords: centrifugation; floc density measurement; sludge dewatering; sludge testing

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 1993

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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