Skip to main content

Analysis of 10 years of virus monitoring data from Los Angeles County treatment plants meeting California wastewater reclamation criteria

Buy Article:

$30.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

ABSTRACT:

Six tertiary treatment water reclamation plants were monitored monthly for enteric viruses for 10 years. Secondary treatment removed 99.8% of the detectable viruses. The virus concentrator and assay system detected low levels of native viruses in 74 out of 75 unchlorinated secondary effluent samples. Only l of 590 final effluent samples averaging 1040 L (275 gal) was positive for enteric viruses. These results suggest that the California Title 22 treatment-based water reclamation standards assure reliable production of essentially virus risk-free effluents.

Keywords: coliforms; turbidity; viruses; water reclamation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/WER.65.3.5

Publication date: May 1, 1993

More about this publication?
  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • WEF Bookstore
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more