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Comparison of free and total chlorine measurement methods in municipal wastewaters

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Accurate and precise determination of chlorine residuals is essential for the assessment of disinfection efficiency. In this study, various methods for the analysis of free available chlorine (FAC) and total residual chlorine (TRC) were compared in chlorinated municipal wastewaters. Rates of interferences in the measurements also were determined. The amperometric titration and iodometric II methods were the most reproducible and the iodometric I and potentiometric electrode methods were the least reproducible for the measurement of TRC. The rate of interference in the measurement of FAC by the N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine method was similar to the rate of interference from inorganic monochloramine. The interference rates in the measurement of TRC were in the range of calculated interference rates from organic dichloramines.

Keywords: analysis; chlorine; disinfection; interference

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 1993

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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