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The role of oxygen transfer in acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment

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A study was conducted to evaluate two chemical models of iron oxidation. The first model was proposed by U. S. EPA in 1983 for use in the design of acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment systems. This model expresses the oxidation rate as a function of ferrous iron, oxygen concentrations, and pH. The second model was proposed by the U. S. Bureau of Mines and expresses the oxidation rate as a function of a treatment system's oxygen transfer rate. The findings of the study were that the model based on oxygen transfer was accurate in predicting oxidation rates over a wide range of initial ferrous iron concentrations. The predictions of the EPA model were inaccurate in modeling iron oxidation.

Keywords: aeration; iron; mine drainage; model; oxidation; oxygen transfer

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 1992

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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