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Analysis of pulp mill effluent contaminants in water, sediment, and fish bile—fatty and resin acids

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Validation work was carried out to develop analytical protocols for fatty and resin acids in water, sediment, and fish bile samples in the µg/L, tenths of µg/g, and µg/g, range respectively. The methods, with similar steps for the different media, involved extraction from a pH 5 medium with t-butyl methyl ether/dichloromethane solutions, with previous enzymatic hydrolysis in the case of bile samples. Concentration of the extract and derivatization with diazomethane in organic solution yielded the methyl esters, which were analyzed by GC-SIM-MS. Good recoveries (60–110%) and excellent precision (SD = 2–11%) were obtained for the twelve target compounds. Application of these methods to samples from the northern Alberta region yielded satisfactory results (surrogate recoveries = 75–110%).

Keywords: analysis; chromatography; effluent; fatty acids; fish bile; pulp mill; resin acids; sediment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/WER.64.5.2

Publication date: July 1, 1992

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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