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Effect of chemical oxidation on anaerobic biodegradation of model phenolic compounds

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The potential for using chemical oxidation to enhance anaerobic biodegradability and reduce toxicity of two model phenolic compounds (o-cresol and 2,4-DNP) was evaluated. Batch bioassays were performed on the model compounds and their oxidation samples to determine biodegradability and toxicity in batch methanogenic cultures. Ozone, hydrogen peroxide, and potassium permanganate were the three oxidants examined in this study. A dose of approximately 5 moles hydrogen peroxide, in the presence of a ferrous iron catalyst (Fenton's reagent), 4.5 moles permanganate, or 25 moles of ozone per mole of o-cresol was needed to significantly enhance anaerobic biodegradability of oxidation samples. Approximately 2.5-4.5 moles of hydrogen peroxide or 7 moles of ozone per mole of 2,4-DNP reduced methanogenic toxicity by 50%.

Keywords: anaerobic treatment; cresol; dinitrophenol; hydrogen peroxide; methanogens; ozone; permanganate; toxicity

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: May 1, 1992

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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