Modeling of best management practices on North Reelfoot Creek, Tennessee

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Abstract:

ABSTRACT:

The Hydrological Simulation Program in FORTRAN (HSPF) was used to evaluate the proposed implementation of various best management practices (BMPs) to reduce erosion and sedimentation. The nonpoint source model, which was previously calibrated and verified, was adjusted to account for changes in model parameters affected by proposed BMP scenarios. BMPs included conversion of cropland to grassland (BMP #1), conservation tillage systems (BMP #9), and reservoir construction (BMP #12). BMP #1 achieved the greatest reduction in watershed erosion and stream sediment loads, while BMP #9 provided only moderate reductions. Construction of three new reservoirs in the 146-km2 basin provided approximately 50% of the reduction in stream sediment loads as BMP #1. The most cost-effective approach was BMP #1.

Keywords: agriculture; best management practices; erosion; modeling; nonpoint pollution; sediment

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/WER.64.3.8

Publication date: May 1, 1992

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  • Water Environment Research® (WER®) publishes peer-reviewed research papers, research notes, state-of-the-art and critical reviews on original, fundamental and applied research in all scientific and technical areas related to water quality, pollution control, and management. An annual Literature Review provides a review of published books and articles on water quality topics from the previous year.

    Published as: Sewage Works Journal, 1928 - 1949; Sewage and Industrial Wastes, 1950 - 1959; Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, 1959 - Oct 1989; Research Journal Water Pollution Control Federation, Nov 1989 - 1991; Water Environment Research, 1992 - present.
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