Hazard Mitigation Planning for Utilities: Forming Partnerships for Leveraging Resources and Funding Opportunities
Abstract:Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impacts of disasters. Recent disaster events have shown that is essential for both water utilities to employ hazard mitigation planning to protect functionality, so that they are better equipped to serve the needs of the service population, as well as minimize the cost of recovery. Applicants must have a FEMA approved hazard mitigation plan in order to be eligible to receive federal project grants. A plan for water and wastewater utilities may take the form of an individual mitigation plan, which may be annexed to the local or state plan, or the utility may participate in the development or update of a local mitigation plan within an applicable jurisdiction. The mitigation planning process for water utilities consists of analyzing a system's risk from natural hazards and its capability to handle them, identifying methods to address weaknesses, coordinating available resources, and implementing actions to reduce identified risks. Water utilities should form collaborative partnerships with local stakeholders to reduce duplication of planning efforts, promote integration of mitigation goal and objectives, and provide the potential to leverage resources.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2012
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