The Challenge of Documenting the Effectiveness of MS4 Programs: Moving Toward Quantifying Pollutant Load Reduction from the MS4 Program
Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s) are required to develop iterative stormwater management programs to reduce the discharge of pollutants to protect receiving water bodies. However, evaluating the effectiveness of these MS4 programs is challenging because of the large MS4 area, multiple outfalls and pollutant sources, and intermittent nature of stormwater discharges. EPA and others have developed guidance to assist in this MS4 program evaluation, but this is still an evolving science. Because evaluating the effectiveness of the entire MS4 program is challenging, many MS4s focus on documenting the progress or effectiveness of specific activities or program elements. This paper discusses the challenges of MS4 effectiveness, presents some examples of effective MS4 activities, and discusses a performance metric for estimating effectiveness.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-01-01
WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites