Decentralized Technologies for Rural Areas of Hawaii

Authors: Crites, Ron; Ono, Peter; Izon, Darin

Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, WEFTEC 2011: Session 41 through Session 50 , pp. 2829-2851(23)

Publisher: Water Environment Federation

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The North Shore Regional Wastewater Alternatives Plan (NSRWWAP) was intended to update and revise previous wastewater planning efforts for this region of Oahu. As a departure from the typical planning approach this current planning effort attempted to first understand the values of the North Shore community, and then develop technical wastewater treatment alternatives that are consistent with these values. As a result of this process a decentralized system of treatment and disposal is proposed. Decentralized systems lend themselves to rural, spread-out, communities particularly where the geography makes it difficult to collect and treat at centralized facilities.

Keywords: Decentralized treatment and disposal; facilities planning; natural treatment technologies

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2011

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