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Kinetics and Microbial Ecology of Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Reduction by Denitrifying Bacteria

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Abstract:

Given the concerns over nitrous oxide (N2O) formation during biological nutrient removal, a better and more quantitative understanding of N2O reduction by denitrifying bacteria is needed to predict the fate of N2O in wastewater treatment processes. In this research, kinetic parameters and yields were determined for a mixed culture of denitrifying bacteria. The effects of N2O on the microbial community structure were also assessed. A key finding was that denitrifying bacteria utilized N2O concurrently with either NO3 or NO2 Concurrent utilization provided higher growth rates than on NO3 or NO2 alone, and caused shifts in the community structure. This result suggests that the presence of N2O selects for bacteria that grow faster in the presence of N2O.

Keywords: denitrification; kinetics; microbial ecology; nitrous oxide

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864711802766669

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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