Measuring the Benefits of Total Water Management Using a Systems Modeling Approach
There is a growing need for urban water managers to take a more holistic view of their water resource systems as population growth, urbanization, and current operations put different stresses on the environment and urban infrastructure. Total water management (TWM) is an approach that examines urban water systems in a more interconnected manner, focusing on reducing water demands, increasing water recycling and reuse, creating water supply assets from stormwater management, matching water quality to end-use needs, and achieving environmental goals through multi-purpose, multi-benefit infrastructure. To better understand TWM and its potential benefits, the United States Environmental Protection Agency conducted a research study report. This paper summarizes one aspect of that report—demonstrating the benefits of TWM through the use of a systems model, using the city of Los Angeles as a case study.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-01-01
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