Skip to main content

Extending the Boundaries of Wastewater Force Main Inspection Methods

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


The Hampton Roads Sanitation District (HRSD) in Virginia Beach, Virginia, collects wastewater from fourteen area localities and conveys the wastewater to their thirteen regional treatment facilities. The conveyance system operated and maintained by HRSD consists of 430 miles of pressure mains and 50 miles of gravity mains. Over 890 local pumping stations discharge into the HRSD system at locations distributed throughout the system. The pressure mains are strongly interconnected to allow flexibility in the distribution of the wastewater flows amongst the treatment facilities. The low lying terrain, the many valves and interconnections and the random nature of the inputs to the system, make for a complex and difficult system to operate and maintain. To compound matters, the USEPA issued a unilateral administrative order (UAO) in August 2007 requiring, among other items, that HRSD conduct a condition assessment program to locate assets that presented a “material risk of failure”. In September 2007 HRSD entered a state consent order with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and then a federal consent decree in February 2010 with USEPA. Both these orders and the UAO require condition assessment.

When the adminstrative order was issued (August 2007) there were only a few technologies suitable for the inspection of wastewater force mains and very little practical experience in their use. All of the available technologies for pressure pipeline inspection originally had been developed for use in the oil and gas industry or in the potable water industry. In order to begin the work of inspecting their wastewater force mains, HRSD and their engineer, Brown and Caldwell, had to develop a program of pilot testing and evaluation of technologies for adaptation and use in a wastewater pressure system. Much of this work was taking place for the first time in a wastewater system and involved considerable challenges.

Keywords: Inspection; condition assessment; pressure mains; wastewater

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2011-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more