City of Toronto Biosolids and Residuals Master Plan Decision-Making Model Peer Review

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Decision-making models are commonly used to make major infrastructure decisions involving millions of dollars of public investment. Often the benefits and/or ramifications of these decisions can last for 20 years or longer. The weighted scoring method is the most common decision-making model used by engineers to make major biosolids management decisions. The City of Toronto's experience with Biosolids Master Planning found that additional tools can help to develop sound decisions, to increase the reach for public input and to incorporate real and perceived risks into decision-making.

Keywords: Decision-making model; biosolids master plan; cost-benefit; risk assessment; triple bottom line

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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