Sustainable Disinfection: Incorporating Life-Cycle Assessment and Life-Cycle Costing into Disinfection Design and Operation
Abstract:Disinfection is a key unit process used by the wastewater treatment industry to meet NPDES permit requirements and protect the receiving water. Life Cycle Management (LCM) is an integrated concept used for managing the total life cycle of goods and services towards more sustainable production and consumption. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a tool for the systematic evaluation of the environmental aspects of a product or service system through all states of its life cycle. This paper discusses these techniques and presents a case study that compares the sustainability of different disinfection alternatives.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2011
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