Refining Aquatic Life Designated Uses
Abstract:In 2008, EPA listed nearly 40,000 impaired waters. Virginia has assessed some 14,000 miles of rivers and streams for impairment. Of these, over 29 percent are considered impaired for the Aquatic Life Designated Use (ALDU). This ALDU is determined through the application of macroinvertebrate stream surveys.
Such impairments require the development of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). Inadequately refined Designated Uses could waste resources and impede development because the goals may be unattainable. An industrial stakeholder group believed that the default ALDU, as applied to a central Appalachian stream, was not attainable. The group commissioned a use attainability analysis (UAA). This paper discusses the UAA efforts to date.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.
WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites