Economic Impact of EPA's Numeric Nutrient Criteria on the Clay County Utility Authority
Author: Bolam, David J.
Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Impaired Waters Symposium 2011 , pp. 11-19(9)
Publisher: Water Environment Federation
Abstract:This paper evaluates the economic impact of EPA's proposed Numeric Nutrient Criteria on the Clay County Utility Authority's wastewater treatment facility operations in Northeast Florida. CCUA's review of EPA's “Preliminary Estimate of Potential Compliance Costs and Benefits Associated with EPA's Proposed Numeric Nutrient Criteria for Florida” is presented herein. CCUA does not agree with EPA that Biological Nutrient Removal treatment facilities will be sufficient to achieve compliance with the proposed numeric nutrient criteria and agrees with the Florida Water Environment's Utility Council that higher levels of nutrient removal treatment will be required. Cost estimates are based on a study performed by Carollo Engineers for the Florida Water Environment Federation's Utility Council and CCUA's historical wastewater system operating costs. CCUA estimates to achieve compliance with the proposed rule will cost approximately 165 million dollars in capital upgrades to its four largest facilities. Annual operation and maintenance costs are projected to increase by 10,109,000 per year and will require CCUA to raise its wastewater system rates by 71%.
Keywords: CCUA; Carollo Engineers; Clay County Utility Authority; EPA; Economic Impact; Microfiltration; Numeric Nutrient Criteria; deep well injection; operation and maintenance costs; rate increase; reverse osmosis
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011
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