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Development of Full-scale Sizing Criteria from Tertiary Pilot Testing Results to Achieve Ultra-low Phosphorus Limits at Innisfil, Ontario

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The Town of Innisfil, Ontario, is served by the Lakeshore Water Pollution Control Plant (LWPCP) which has a rated capacity of 14,370 m3/d and a current average flow of about 9,000 m3/d. The plant uses an extended aeration activated sludge system followed by filters. Alum is added to the aeration basin effluent mixed liquor to reduce the effluent total phosphorus (TP) concentration to approximately 0.09 mg/L. As its capacity is expanded, the LWPCP will need to achieve lower effluent TP concentrations. The following tertiary phosphorus removal processes were tested:

Alum addition followed by ultra-filtration membranes

Ferric chloride addition with reactive filtration series system

Ferric sulfate and alum addition with series filtration

Ferric chloride and polymer addition with ballasted flocculation and filtration

All of the processes achieved effluent TP concentrations of 0.03 mg/L and lower. This paper documents the performance results and scale-up considerations for each process.

Keywords: Ultra-low phosphorus limits; ballasted flocculation; design criteria; membrane filtration; series filtration; tertiary phosphorus removal

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2011

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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