Skip to main content

Pilot Testing for Low-Level Phosphorus Removal: Confronting Non-Reactive Phosphorus Challenges

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


In 2007, the North Attleborough, Massachusetts wastewater treatment facility (WWTF) received a renewed NPDES permit with a more stringent effluent total phosphorus (TP) limit of 0.1 mg/L. The WWTF was designed to meet a TP limit of 1.0 mg/L using biological and multi-point chemical phosphorus removal with dual-media filters. In 2008 while upgrades were being planned, the effluent soluble non-reactive phosphorus (sNRP) concentration averaged 0.06 mg/L. At 60% of the allowable effluent concentration, sNRP could pose a significant challenge to meeting the new effluent limit. Phosphorus removal technologies were screened, and three 2-stage systems were pilot tested in 2009 with a focus on both TP and sNRP removal. All systems were able to meet the TP limit, and sNRP was reduced significantly through tertiary phosphorus treatment, averaging 0.01 mg/L. Based on pilot testing performance and a life-cycle cost analysis, a single-stage cloth media filter was selected for full-scale implementation.

Keywords: ballasted flocculation; cloth; deep-bed sand filtration; phosphorus removal; pilot testing; soluble non-reactive phosphorus

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2010-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more