Modeling Inactivation of Pathogens in Effluent Particles

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


A modeling approach was taken to study the inactivation of pathogens occluded in effluent particles. Model calibration was performed using samples collected from six full-scale facilities located in the U.S., representing a range of treatment strategies. Independent model calibration was performed for each of the six facilities using particle and disinfection data collected in laboratory tests. Model parameters selected as a result of calibration were then used to run simulations with varying inactivation coefficients that were selected based on a literature search to represent values expected for pathogens. The particle size was also varied to eliminate the effects of differing particle size distributions at the six facilities. The results suggest that effluents that are disinfected using total coliform as an indicator organism may still contain occluded pathogens that are viable. The results demonstrate some differences between inactivation with free and combined chlorine although there are site-specific disinfection characteristics that also affect the results. To clarify differences between free and combined chlorine to inactivate occluded microorganisms, additional laboratory experiments and modeling efforts are planned that will involve simultaneous disinfection experiments using free and combined on a sample collected from a nitrifying facility.

Keywords: Chlorine disinfection; particle size distribution; pathogens

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more