Skip to main content

Sustainability and Disinfection: Incorporating Life Cycle Assessment into Wastewater Disinfection Design

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


In January 2010, the American Society of Civil Engineers conducted a series of workshops to address problems with infrastructure deficiencies in the United States. The outcomes associated with these workshops were discussed in Civil Engineering Magazine (April 2010). Based upon these outcomes, a consensus was reached that the water and wastewater infrastructure in the United States is in a state of crisis and that the following recommendations may provide a roadmap to ease that crisis and a vision for improvement:

Increase Federal Leadership in Infrastructure;

Promote Sustainability and Resilience;

Develop Federal, Regional and State Infrastructure Plans;

Address Life-Cycle Costs and Ongoing Maintenance; and

Increase and Improve Investment from all Stakeholders.

The above information and the predicted infrastructure rehabilitation and replacement needs expected in the next decade prompted the USEPA to commit to promoting sustainable infrastructure practices. If successfully implemented, these practices would help reduce the predicted gap between infrastructure needs and infrastructure spending (USEPA, 2006). Disinfection is one of the key unit processes for the protection of public health. In order to fully implement the four pillars of the USEPA sustainable infrastructure model, approaches must be taken to incorporate sustainability into engineering design and operation of disinfection unit processes for water and wastewater infrastructure systems.

Keywords: Disinfection; Sustainability; Wastewater and Design

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more