Skip to main content

Determining Endocrine Disrupting Hormones in Drinking Water and Wastewater Utilizing Solid Phase Extraction (SPE)

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


This automated solid phase extraction (SPE) method was developed to help streamline the extraction process for determining low levels of hormones in drinking water and wastewater. The SPE-DEX® 4790 Automated Extractor System was used in this study, as well as the DryVap® Concentrator System. The Agilent 1200SL HPLC with an API 4000 MS/MS was used to analyze the samples. The automated extractor was paired with the Atlantic™ hydrophilic-lipophilicbalanced (HLB) SPE Disks (47 mm). The Atlantic HLB disk was required to retain the low level 50 parts per trillion spiked amount of hormones in each 500 milliliter (mL) sample at 100 mL/minute. The selected hormones in this research were 17-alpha-estradiol, estrone, ethynyl, estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone. With the correct solvents selected for prewets (to condition the disk) and eluting (to extract analytes from the disk), the best results were obtained through optimizing the soak and air-dry times for the disk. The DryVap automated concentrator system proved an asset by separating the water from the solvent extract mixture through the use of a hydrophobic membrane disk. It also concentrated the extract and performed the required solvent exchange to methanol. The results of the research proved reproducible and provided excellent recoveries ranging from 79% - 96% for flow rates exceeding 100 mL/minute.

Keywords: Automated Sample Preparation; Environmental; Hormones; Pharmaceutical; Solid Phase Extraction; Water

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more