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A Watershed-based CSO/SSO Consent Decree

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Sanitation District No. 1 (SD1) of Northern Kentucky holds the country's first watershed-based Consent Decree for controlling combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs). The Consent Decree offers a potential national model for using watershed planning in five-year increments to identify and implement solutions to manage pollutant sources on a watershed basis, as well as to comply with long-term (20-year) requirements to control sewer overflows. Through their planning process, SD1 has identified some unique approaches to traditional infrastructure planning, including using watershed controls and green infrastructure to maximize environmental benefits associated with capital expenditures. Through this Consent Decree, SD1 will be managing the largest program of water quality improvement in Northern Kentucky's history.

Keywords: Consent Decree; combine sewer overflow; gray infrastructure; green infrastructure; sanitary sewer overflow; water quality; watershed controls; watershed management

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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