Urban Water and Energy Use From Current US Use to Cities of the Future

Author: Novotny, Vladimir

Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Cities of the Future/Urban River Restoration 2010 , pp. 118-140(23)

Publisher: Water Environment Federation

Buy & download fulltext article:


Price: $17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The article describes and estimates the carbon greenhouse gas and water footprint of the urban water sector to achieving the sustainability goals of future (eco) cities. Specifically, the article focuses on two goals of reducing water use by 50% and zero net carbon (GHG) emissions. Water conservation from the current use to an achievable sustainable use cannot be achieved by water conservation only. Further reduction of the water demand by desalination and high degree treatment (e.g., nanofiltration or reverse osmosis) requires a significant amount of energy and there is a limit on the maximum percent of water that can be reused in a closed water cycle. Cluster semi-distributed water delivery, reclamation and reuse with heat energy recovery is described, followed by presenting a proposal for a regional integrated resource recovery facility (IRRF) which reclaims water for ecologic flow, irrigation and other uses, produces biogas, hydrogen, electric energy, struvite and residual organic solids for soil conditioning. It was estimated that the contribution of the water sector towards the net zero GHG emissions goal could be about 10%.
More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites



Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content

Text size:

A | A | A | A
Share this item with others: These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages. print icon Print this page