The Toledo Long Term Control Plan - The Path to Approval
Authors: Hufnagel, Carol L.; Wheatley, Nancy J.; Harbron, Robert R.; Brescol, James M.; Bruce, Kerry
Source: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, WEFTEC 2009: Session 21 through Session 30 , pp. 1345-1360(16)
Publisher: Water Environment Federation
Abstract:The City of Toledo, Ohio entered into a consent decree with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) in 2002 which included the development of a Long Term Control Plan (LTCP) for the City's 34 combined sewer overflow (CSO) outfalls. The plan was initially submitted to EPA in December 2005. A number of modifications were required to the plan in order to attain EPA approval. This paper describes the key elements of the City's Consent Decree, the LTCP as originally presented to USEPA, particular issues that were addressed in the negotiations, and a description of the approved plan.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2009-01-01
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