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The Toledo Long Term Control Plan – The Path to Approval

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The City of Toledo, Ohio entered into a consent decree with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) in 2002 which included the development of a Long Term Control Plan (LTCP) for the City's 34 combined sewer overflow (CSO) outfalls. The plan was initially submitted to EPA in December 2005. A number of modifications were required to the plan in order to attain EPA approval. This paper describes the key elements of the City's Consent Decree, the LTCP as originally presented to USEPA, particular issues that were addressed in the negotiations, and a description of the approved plan.

Keywords: CSO Policy; Combined Sewer Overflow Control; Consent Decree; Long Term Control Plan

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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