Skip to main content

Application of Membrane Bioreactor Technology to Meet Stringent Load Limits on Virginia's

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


The town of Onancock, Virginia began the upgrade of its wastewater treatment facility to comply with terms of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) discharge permit, which included new limit of technology (LOT) effluent standards dictated by Virginia's Chesapeake Bay Program. The town's new discharge permit required that effluent total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) levels do not exceed 4 milligrams per liter (mg/L) and 0.3 mg/L, respectively. The town's discharge permit required compliance with these limits by December 31, 2010.

In addition to nutrient removal criteria, process footprint, reliable low biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), and total suspended solids (TSS) performance were paramount in the process selection. If the selected process could not meet the very stringent limits, a long and costly study to determine an alternate outfall location would be required, putting the December 31, 2010 deadline in jeopardy.

Oxidation ditches, sequencing batch reactors (SBR), and membrane bioreactors (MBR) were evaluated. MBR technology was ultimately selected due to its ability to meet the effluent requirements while working within the site limitations at the existing site.

Keywords: Chesapeake Bay Program; Sequencing batch reactor; membrane bioreactor; nitrogen removal; oxidation ditches; phosphorus removal

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2009-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more