Skip to main content

Graywater Is Not Reclaimed Water

Buy Article:

$9.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

During the most recent droughts here in the Southeast United States and the West, a great deal of attention has been paid to the potential for the use of graywater in homes and businesses for a variety of non-potable uses. Suggested uses have ranged from toilet flushing to the watering of gardens, including edible vegetables. The use of graywater has been widely promoted by many communities without a true understanding of the nature of the water quality and the potential for public health issues as a result of its use. Critics of the widespread use of graywater are trying to get the message out that graywater is not reclaimed water.

Whether the increased use of graywater is promoted as a way of reducing drought impacts, or it conflicts with existing plumbing standards, its increased use has certainly impacted the public's perception as a new water resource. This paper traces the history of the development of the public's interest in the use of graywater, the political framework under which it has been so widely endorsed, and the stark contrast with the much more highly purified reclaimed water. Case studies are presented and include the issues associated with graywater use in the east (North Carolina) and the west (Las Vegas, Nevada.)

This paper is largely derived from a study completed by Dr. James Crook and technically reviewed by Dr. Alan Rimer [2009]. Each of the case studies illustrates that graywater is not reclaimed water, cannot be substituted for reclaimed water and has limited use, even with treatment, in commercial establishments.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Graywater; reclaimed water; recycled water

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation includes access to most papers presented at the annual WEF Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC) and other conferences held since 2000. Subscription access begins 12 months after the event and is valid for 12 months from month of purchase. A subscription to the Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is included in Water Environment Federation (WEF) membership.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access. Access begins 12 months after the conference or event
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Learn about the many other WEF member benefits and join today
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more