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Biodiversity Enhances Resistance of Activated Sludge to Toxic Shock Loads

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Abstract:

This study investigates the relationship between biodiversity and functional resistance of nine activated sludge wastewater treatment plants to three selected toxicants: cupric sulfate (Cu[II]), 3,5-dichlorophenol (3,5-DCP), or 4-nitrophenol (4-NP). Resistance was measured as the 30 min IC50 or the concentration of toxicant that resulted in 50% reduction in oxygen utilization rate (OUR). Biodiversity was assessed using polymerase chain reaction-terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-T-RFLP) and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCRDGGE) both targeting the 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Statistical analysis of 30 min IC50 and TRFLP data showed a significant positive correlation (P < 0.05) between functional resistance and biodiversity for the three toxicants tested. These results suggest that activated sludge with higher biodiversity is functionally more resistant to toxic shock loads.

Keywords: 30 min IC50; Biodiversity; DGGE; PCR; T-RFLP; functional resistance

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/193864709793953845

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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