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Anaerobic Digestion Biogas Potential in Support of Renewable Energy Development

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Abstract:

Waste biomass from agricultural and municipal sources that are high in carbon can be anaerobically digested to produce renewable energy, protect the environment, and avoid nuisances such as offensive odors. The technology is complex and careful pre-screening and laboratory testing is often needed to determine the potential utility of this technology for specific wastes and to strategically site the facility. Included is determining the locations of large amounts of waste biomass potential using a biomass mapping tool, conducting a laboratory analyses of all the relevant constituents, estimating energy potential, examining nutrient and toxicity limitations, and conducting simple laboratory screening biogas potential assays. Several feedstocks have been tested to develop and evaluate a biogas potential assay focused on assessing blended waste from agriculture sources. The assay was found to be effective provided results are critically interpreted and not used beyond determining if further testing is warranted and to conduct applied research.

Keywords: Agricultural Wastes; Anaerobic Digestion; Anaerobic Respirometry; Biogas Potential Assay; Environmental Protection; Feedstock Blending; Nuisance Avoidance; Renewable Energy; Serum Bottles

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2175/193864709793951964

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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