Skip to main content

Optimization of Secondary Clarifiers in BNR/ENR Applications: Four Cases Studies Comparing Different Clarifier Geometries

The full text article is not available for purchase.

The publisher only permits individual articles to be downloaded by subscribers.

or click here to sign up for a free trial


The performance of secondary clarifiers is critical to ensure that stringent nitrogen and phosphorus limits are met in Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) and Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR) treatment plants. Additionally, these plants rely in slow growth microorganism populations that are difficult to restore in the event of solids washout that could happen in wetweather storm flows. Secondary clarifiers are a key unit to ensure retention of the solids inventory. This paper illustrates the application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to four different BNR/ENR case studies covering a wide variety of clarifier geometries, internal configurations and loading conditions.

In Case Study 1, the model was used for the validation of step feed as a wet weather strategy to prevent solids washout during storm events. For Case Study 2, the model was use to evaluate the impact that the tank depth can have on clarifier performance and capacity. In Case 3, the model was used to compare the performances of peripheral-feed and center-feed circular clarifiers; and Case 4 presents the evaluation of rectangular clarifiers. In all cases, the model was used to identify improvements and operating strategies that result in improved reliability, increased capacity and reduced capital cost.

Keywords: BNR/ENR Wastewater Treatment Plants; CFD Modeling; Secondary Clarifiers

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more