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Sources of Microconstituents and How to Control Their Release at the Source

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This paper is intended to provide overview information on where microconstituents originate and how to implement measures to reduce the presence of microconstituents in wastewater discharges that may ultimately end up in the water environment. The paper summarizes some of the information that was developed by the Water Environment Federation, Community of Practice for Microconstituents developed a Technical Practice Update (TPU) titled “Sources of Microconstituents and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds” in July 2007; and the subsequent TPU titled “Source Control of Microconstituents”.

It addresses sources of microconstituents from pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCP's), industrial, and other sources. Options are presented with examples for reduction of microconstituents in the water sector through means of take-back programs, prescription recycling programs, product stewardship and product bans.

Keywords: EDC's; Lipitor; Microconstituents; PBDE's; PCP's; PPCP's; Prozac; antimicrobials; endocrine; disrupters; environmental; industrial; pesticides; pharmaceuticals; prescriptions; source; source-control; stewardship; take-back; wastewater

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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