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Modeling the Performance of Advanced Stormwater Management Options and the use of Decision Analysis in Selecting the most Appropriate Set of Controls

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A wide range of controls have been used to reduce stormwater pollutant and flow discharges, including, for example, development practices (reducing the amount of pavement and roof areas; directing runoff from these areas to pervious areas instead of directly connecting them to the drainage system); public works practices (street and catchbasin cleaning; the use of grass swales instead of concrete curbs and gutters); sedimentation controls (source area hydrodynamic separators; outfall wet detention ponds); filtration and infiltration practices (bioretention parking lot islands; rain gardens; percolation ponds; media filters); runoff rate and energy controls (runoff volume controls; dry detention facilities); water reuse (rain barrels and cisterns to capture site runoff for irrigation or other non-potable uses); etc. Obviously, there are many controls that can be used to minimize stormwater problems for both new development and when retrofitting controls in existing areas. A comprehensive stormwater quality model should be capable of predicting the benefits of an integrated system of these controls under a variety of conditions and desired benefit options.

Keywords: Stormwater modeling; decision analysis; stormwater controls

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2175/193864709793957003

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

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