Improving Industrial SBR Treatment with IFAS Technology
This paper is a case study in the installation, startup and operation of applying Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge (IFAS) technology to an existing sequencing batch reactor (SBR) system treating a complex industrial wastewater. Increased flow and load from process wastewater and landfill leachate; both containing ammonia (NH3) and color constituents led to an expansion of the biological treatment system. Due to space constraints and operational considerations, the SBR was outfitted with fifteen IFAS modules. The resultant increase in biomass concentration has allowed greater removal of organics, ammonia and color.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-01-01
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