Thirty-six Years after the Clean Water Act – Time for a New Regulatory Framework
Abstract:The Secondary Treatment Regulation that establishes technology-based limits for BOD5, cBOD5, and total suspended solids is no longer relevant to wastewater treatment facilities that have stringent nutrient limits or that use advanced treatment technologies. Low concentrations of these pollutants are achieved when stringent limits for phosphorus or nitrogen are met, and when filtration technologies are used. This paper outlines an approach for changing our regulatory framework to (1) reduce monitoring frequency when low concentrations of these pollutants are met reliably, and (2) develop an advanced treatment standard that eliminates effluent limits for these pollutants when specific nitrogen and phosphorus limits are included in permits.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-01-01
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites