Denitrification Rates: Sampling, Modeling and Design Considerations
Abstract:Biological denitrification of wastewater has been a topic of interest for several decades; however, recent nutrient reduction initiatives and the need to achieve limit-of-technology (LOT) effluent quality have renewed interest in denitrification rate research. Since readily-biodegradable chemical oxygen demand (rbCOD) drives rapid denitrification, it is essential for design efforts to include raw influent and primary effluent sampling, for different seasons if possible. However, the influent rbCOD/TKN ratio is not the only factor to consider, since rbCOD can be easily destroyed by non-optimal design and operating conditions. Two case studies are presented, each having very similar influent rbCOD/TKN ratios but very different full-scale denitrification performance. Furthermore, bench-scale tests that were conducted for the two plants yielded similar denitrification rates, which raises the question: how can engineers apply denitrification rate research to full-scale designs? Activated sludge models provide some insight to the unknown (dissolved oxygen in the mixed liquor recycle) but cannot predict rbCOD destruction due to hydraulic conditions, or fermentation due to heterogeneous mixing. This paper discusses all of the factors that affect denitrification and poses questions for future research.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2009
More about this publication?
- Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed. WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- About WEF Proceedings
- WEFTEC Conference Information
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites