Skip to main content

Optimization of Ultrasonic Disinfection of Combined Sewage Overflow Water

Buy Article:

$17.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial


Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) events are an important problem facing most major cities in the Northeast and Midwestern United States. In these communities, storm and sanitary sewers are connected so that storm runoff and raw sewage can mix together. This mixing often occurs when the sewer system is surcharged (overloaded) due to a storm event. To prevent raw sewage from backing up into homes and businesses, municipalities often divert the excess sewage directly into an open stream or river, thereby creating a CSO event. Because this diverted sewage is untreated, it has high Escherichia Coli (E. Coli.) counts, which adversely effects water quality and poses a significant public health threat. One possible solution is to treat CSO water with ultrasonic disinfection. We investigated the conditions for the optimization of ultrasonic disinfection of CSO water; as well as, whether the addition of TiO2 could strengthen this process. Experimental results indicated that ultrasonic disinfection of CSO was a firstorder process and that more than 95% of E. Coli. in 300ml CSO samples were deactivated after 35 minutes of treatment at 60w. When the treatment time was held constant (20 minutes), increasing the ultrasonic power from 15 to 40.2w increased E. Coli. removal from 40.5% to 85.9%, although ultrasonic power from 40.2 to 70.8w had no significant improvements on E. Coli. reduction. The addition of TiO2 from 0 to 0.05321g/300ml of CSO water actually reduced E. Coli. removal percentage from 76.2% to 55.7% for 20 minutes of treatment; however, when TiO2 was increased to 0.2725g/300ml of CSO water, the percent removal of E. Coli. increased to 83.8%. No significant change to E. Coli. removal was detected for further increases of TiO2 addition. This study showed that ultrasonication could deactivate E. Coli. effectively at room temperature and both ultrasonication time and power could be optimized. However, the addition of TiO2 resulted in different ultrasonic disinfection performance with no significant improvement over pure ultrasonication.

Keywords: Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO); Escherichia Coli. (E.Coli.); Titanium dioxide (TiO2); Ultrasonication

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2009-01-01

More about this publication?
  • Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation is an archive of papers published in the proceedings of the annual Water Environment Federation® Technical Exhibition and Conference (WEFTEC® ) and specialty conferences held since the year 2000. These proceedings are not peer reviewed.

    WEF Members: Sign in (right panel) with your IngentaConnect user name and password to receive complimentary access.
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • About WEF Proceedings
  • WEFTEC Conference Information
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more